現代経済学における傑出した最も深遠な思考家の一人――そして、存命中はあまり注目されなかったのに、死後にその評価と影響が高まり続け、今後も高まりそうな数少ない人物の一人。

Nicholas Georgescu-Roegen was trained in mathematical statistics at Bucharest and the Sorbonne - receiving his Ph.D at 24. In the 1930s, he spent three years at Harvard, where he was apprenticed in economics by Joseph Schumpeter - and immediately put his mark on this new field with a few outstanding papers on producer and consumer theory (1935, 1936) - which included a solution of the "integrability problem" as well as killing the revealed preference-derivation of utility ("where is indifference?", he asked). He also set forth propositions on stochastic choice and lexicographic preferences.

After returning to Bucharest, Georgescu-Roegen took on official duties for the Romanian government, including a position in the post-war negotiations with the Soviet Union. In 1948, Georgescu-Roegen fled Communist-controlled Romania, stowing himself and his wife away in barrels aboard an Istanbul-bound freighter.

Georgescu-Roegen made his way back to the United States, finally settling at Vanderbilt University - finding the time, in the meanwhile, to contribute three seminal chapters to the celebrated Koopmans-edited 1951 Cowles monograph on linear programming and general equilibrium theory. There, we find several contributions - including the independent discovery of the Hawkins-Simon conditions, an alternative existence proof for von Neumann's system, the general laws of substitutability for Leontief systems and more. His ingenious contribution to the Marxian theory of crisis (1960) is also well-known.

In 1966, Georgescu-Roegen bailed out of the Neo-Walrasian
ship with a salvo of critical torpedoes - contained in the insightful and erudite
introduction to his *Analytical Economics* (1966). There, he developed his initial
ideas on a new biological or evolutionary approach to
economic theory.

His ideas were further developed and consolidated in his magnum opus, *The Entropy
Law and the Economic Process* (1971). Georgescu-Roegen's claims, among others, were
that an economy faces limits to growth, for which he invoked the Second Law of
Thermodynamics ("useful energy gets dissipated"). Although generally ignored by
mainstream economics, he was hailed by the fledlging environmental movement and, until the
end of his life, never ceased to speak out on his ideas for a new approach to economic
theory. Today, his work is gaining influence, and his insights are being grafted into the
new field of evolutionary economics.

- "Fixed Coefficients of Production and the Marginal Productivit Theory", 1935,
*RES*. - "The Pure Theory of Consumer's Behavior", 1936,
*QJE*. - "The Theory of Choice and the Constancy of Economic Laws", 1950,
*QJE*. - "Leontief's System in the Light of Recent Results", 1950,
*REStat*. - "Some Properties of a Generalized Leontief Model", 1951, in Koopmans, editor,
*Activity Analysis of Allocation and Production* - "The Aggregate Linear Production Function and Its Applications to von Neumann's
Economic Model", 1951, in Koopmans, editor,
*Activity Analysis of Allocation and Production*. - "Relaxation Phenomena in Linear Dynamic Models", 1951, in Koopmans, editor,
*Activity Analysis of Allocation and Production*. - "A Diagrammatic Analysis of Complementarity", 1952,
*Southern EJ*. - "Choice and Revealed Preference", 1954,
*Southern EJ*. - "Limitationality, Limitativeness and Economic Equilibrium", 1955,
*Proceedings 2nd Symposium on Linear Programming*. - "Choice, Expectations and Measurability", 1956,
*QJE*. - "Threshold in Choice and the Theory of Demand", 1958,
*Econometrica*. - "The Nature of Expectation and Uncertainty", 1958, in Bowman, editor,
*Expectations, Uncertainty and Business Behavior*. - "Economic Theory and Agrarian Economics", 1960,
*Oxford EP*. - "Mathematical Proofs of the Breakdown of Capitalism", 1960,
*Econometrica*. *Analytical Economics: Issues and Problems*, 1966.- "The Economics of Production", 1970,
*AER*. *The Entropy Law and the Economic Process*, 1971. (邦訳：『エントロピー法則と経済課程』(1993, みすず書房)*Energy and Economic Myths: Institutional and analytical economic essays*, 1976. (邦訳：『経済学の神話：エネルギー,資源,環境に関する真実』(1981, 東洋経済新報社)- "The Steady State and Ecological Salvation", 1977,
*Bioscience*. - "Energy Analysis and Economic Valuation", 1979,
*Southern EJ*. *Demain la decroissance*, 1979.- "An Emigrant from a Developing Country", 1988,
*BNLQR*. - "Nicholas Georgescu-Roegen about Himself", 1992, in Szenberg, editor,
*Eminent Economists*.

- Conference at Strasboug
- "Production and Economic Theory: Reflections on Georgescu-Roegen's Contribution" by Heinz D. Kurz and Neri Salvadori
- "Economy and Thermodynamics" by Borisas Cimbleris
- Georgescu-Roegen Page at Laura
Forgette

ホーム | 学者一覧 (ABC) | 学派あれこれ | 参考文献 | 原サイト (英語) |

連絡先 | 学者一覧 (50音) | トピック解説 | リンク | フレーム版 |